Climate change will greatly impact the availability and quality of Earth’s water resources over the next century. The expected increase in mean temperature will have a severe impact on the water cycle, not only through changing precipitation patterns and amounts, but also through an increase in the severity and frequency of extreme events. Already, changing rainfall patterns and shifting temperatures are increasing the complexity of water management in the Grand River watershed and affecting the programs and operations of the Grand River Conservation Authority (GRCA).

Rigorous science-based forecasts to address how the surface and subsurface (groundwater) resources might be impacted by climate change will therefore necessarily demand the use of a computational platform that fully integrates the climate system with the surface/subsurface hydrological system in three dimensions. By establishing proactive science-based management policies now, such as water use quotas, limits on fertilizer and pesticide use, water treatment guidelines, flood control practices, etc., the future sustainability of the water resources can be protected, and perhaps even enhanced. The high-resolution regional climate simulations being performed by Prof. W.R. Peltier’s group will provide the data to drive our 3D integrated surface/subsurface hydrological model. We are also coordinated with the smart data collection activities being undertaken in the Southern Ontario Water Consortium (SOWC), of which IBM is a major partner.

Industry Partner(s):Aquanty Inc.

PI & Academic Institution:Ed Sudicky, University of Waterloo

Co-PI Name: David Lapen

# of HQPs: 2

Focus Areas/Industry Sector: Digital Media, Water

Platforms: Cloud

Technology: Modelling and Simulation